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比如:The cup was broken by me.杯子被我打

简介: 比如:The cup was broken by me.杯子被我打碎了,杯子不可能自己主动把自己打碎,只能被我打碎,所以这是被动语态。

被动语态看似简单,但是变化其实很多样的。

文/王刚醒简单引入:主动语态就是动作的执行者:主动去做;而被动语态呢,则是动作的承受者,就是被做。

比如:i broke the cup.我打碎了杯子。

我是主语,我做了一件事情,这件事情是:打碎杯子。

比如:The cup was broken by me.杯子被我打碎了,杯子不可能自己主动把自己打碎,只能被我打碎,所以这是被动语态。

My ring has been stolen.强调动作的承受者是重点。

The book was written by my father.(偷:steal-stole-stolen-stealing)动作的执行者表泛指。

The song is said to be very popular abroad.(sth is said to :某事据说;abroad:海外)各种被动:主语+be+动词过去分词:The product is made in China.(一般现在时的被动)I was told that i failed the exam yesterday.(一般过去时的被动)主语+shall/will be+动词过去分词(一般将来时的被动):I shall be released from jail.(be released:获释;jail:)A meeting will be held next week.主语+should/would be+动词过去分词(过去将来时的被动):i thought that i should be rejected by Linda.He said that his books would be sold out next week.主语+be+being+动词过去式:The books are being sold.(现在进行时的被动)The books were being sold.(过去进行时的被动)主语+he/has/had been+动词过去分词:The meeting has been cancelled.(现在完成时的被动)The house had been sold.(过去完成时的被动)一句话总结被动语态就是可以翻译成被做的,就是被动。


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