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如果辅助动词是否定的,则副词的频率可以在其之前或之后进行:He d

简介: 如果辅助动词是否定的,则副词的频率可以在其之前或之后进行:He doesn’t usually cook at home. /He usually doesn’t cook at home./They don’t of

副词是修饰动词、形容词、限定词、从句、介词或句子的词。

副词可以告诉你事情是怎么做的,例如,说得好或者努力工作。

全文内容较多,建议收藏学习~副词表副词类型时间副词、方式副词、程度副词、地点副词、频率副词副词的五种基本类型副词对任何句子中的动词都有更深层次的描述。

下面是对每种副词的意义的简要解释,以及使用每种副词的例句。

副词例句时间副词An adverb of time provides more information about when a verb takes place. Adverbs of time are usually placed at the beginning or end of a sentence. When it is of particular importance to express the moment something happened we’ll put it at the start of a sentence.时间副词了更多关于动词何时发生的信息。

时间副词通常放在句子的开头或结尾。

Examples of adverbs of time: never, lately, just, always, recently, during, yet, soon, sometimes, usually, so far时间副词的例子:从不,最近,只是,总是,最近,在,然而,很快,有时,通常,到目前为止So far, we he found twelve grammar mistakes.I hen’t been going to the gym lately.我最近没去健身房。

We recently bought a new car.我们最近买了一辆新车。

地点状语Adverbs of place illustrate where the verb is happening. It’s usually placed after the main verb or object, or at the end of the sentence. Examples of adverbs of place: here, there, nowhere, everywhere, out, in, above, below, inside, outside, into位置副词说明动词在哪里发生。

它通常放在主要动词或宾语之后,或在句子的末尾。

地点副词的例子:这里,那里,哪里,到处,外面,里面,上面,下面,里面,外面,进入We went into the ce, and there were bats everywhere!我们进了山洞,到处都是蝙蝠!

One day when my dad wasn’t paying attention to where he was going, he walked into a wall.有一天,当我爸爸不注意他要去哪里的时候,他走进了一堵墙。

There aren’t any Pokémon here, let’s look somewhere else.这里没有神奇宝贝,我们去别的地方看看。

方式状语Adverbs of manner provide more information about how a verb is done. Adverbs of manner are probably the most common of all adverbs. They’re easy to spot too. Most of them will end in –ly. Examples of adverbs of manner: neatly, slowly, quickly, sadly, calmly, politely, loudly, kindly, lazily语气副词了更多关于动词如何做的信息。

语气副词可能是所有副词中最常见的。

语气副词的例子:整洁、缓慢、迅速、悲伤、平静、礼貌、大声、友善、懒惰The young soldier folded his clothes neatly in a pile at the end of his bunk.年轻的士兵把衣服整齐地叠成一堆放在床头。

I politely opened the door for my grandmother as she stepped out of the car.奶奶下车时,我礼貌地为她开门。

A fat orange and white cat rested lazily on the sofa.一只又肥又橙又白的猫懒洋洋地躺在沙发上。

程度副词Adverbs of degree explain the level or intensity of a verb, adjective, or even another adverb. Example of adverbs of degree: almost, quite, nearly, too, enough, just, hardly, simply, so程度副词解释一个动词、形容词甚至另一个副词的程度或强度。

程度副词的例子:差不多,相当,差不多,太,够,只是,几乎,简单,所以Can I come to the es too?我也能去看电影吗?

Aren’t you hungry? You’ve hardly touched your dinner.你不饿吗?

I’m so excited to see the new James Bond e!我很高兴看到新的詹姆斯邦德电影!

频率副词Adverbs of frequency explain how often the verb occurs. They’re often placed directly before the main verb of a sentence. Examples of adverbs of frequency: never, always, rarely, sometimes, normally, seldom, usually, again频率副词解释动词出现的频率。

频率副词的例子:从不,总是,很少,有时,通常,很少,通常,再次I rarely eat fast food these days.这些天我很少吃快餐。

Tom usually takes his dog for a walk before breakfast.汤姆通常在早饭前带狗散步。

They always go to the same restaurant every Friday.他们每周五总是去同一家餐馆。

连接性副词A conjunctive adverb is a type of adverb that joins two independent sentences or clauses of any kind. This type of adverb is used to connect two parts into one longer sentence. These parts can be whole sentences that need to be connected into one longer sentence or smaller clauses that need to be connected as well. Adverbs usually modify one verb, but conjunctive adverbs modify entire sentences because they connect larger parts than just one word. Conjunctive adverbs are used to join together parts in order to form a larger thought. This means that the final sentence explains more than the two smaller ones would if they were still divided.连词副词是连接两个独立的句子或任何类型的从句的副词。

这些部分可以是需要连成一个较长句子的完整句子,也可以是需要连成一个较小句子的小句子。

副词通常修饰一个动词,而连词副词修饰整个句子是因为它们连接的部分比一个词大。

连词副词是用来连接各部分,以便形成一个更大的思想。

连词副词有不同的功能,例如:addition, comparison, concession, coast, emphasis, summarize, illustrate a point, or signify time.添加、比较、让步、对比、强调、总结、说明某一点或表示时间。

Conjunctive adverbs are used to connect ideas, and to form larger thoughts with longer sentences. These sentences are divided by a semicolon (;).连词副词用来连接思想,并用较长的句子形成较大的思想。

以下是一些值得注意的例子:I wanted to go he ice cream after work; however, my friend wanted something else.下班后我想去吃冰激凌,但是我的朋友想要别的东西。

He had studies all day and night; nevertheless, it wasn’t enough to pass the test.他整日整夜地学习,然而,这还不足以通过考试。

It was never going to work between us; therefore, we decided to go our separate ways.这在我们之间是行不通的,因此,我们决定分道扬镳。

I had to work the whole weekend; in addition, there was also another coact from a month ago I had to deal with.我整个周末都要工作;此外,还有一份一个月前的合同要处理。

If you decide to start a diet you will see the improvement in your life soon; for instance, you’ll he more energy during the day.如果你决定开始节食,你很快就会看到生活的改善;例如,白天你会有更多的精力。

She was driving home from her friend’s place; meanwhile, her husband was busy preparing her a surprise.她正从朋友家开车回家;与此同时,她丈夫正忙着给她准备一个惊喜。

副词从句Usually, an adverb is just one word which modifies or describes, a verb. An adverb clause, on the other hand, is an entire clause which functions as an adverb. This clause is a group of words, or an entire sentence, which modifies a verb. One adverb adds some detail to the verb. An adverb clause adds more detail to the verb and describes precisely. An adverb clause can answer questions like:副词通常只是修饰或描述动词的一个词。

另一方面,副词从句又是一个充当副词的完整从句。

副词从句给动词增加了更多的细节,并且描述得很精确。

副词从句可以回答如下问题:How? What? When? Where? How much? And others.怎样?

Like any clause, an adverb clause has to he a subject and predicate in order to be complete. An adverb clause can appear in the beginning, middle, or end of the sentence. The adverb clause is always divided by a comma if it’s in the beginning or middle of the sentence.与任何从句一样,副词从句必须有主语和谓语才能完整。

副词从句可以出现在句子的开头、中间或结尾。

Since I work from home, I don’t he to eat in restaurants often.因为我在家工作,所以不必经常去餐馆吃饭。

The adverb phrase is in the first sentence. The subject is “I” and the predicate “work,” so the clause is complete. This adverb clause answers the question: where?副词短语在第一句中。

主语是“I”,谓语是“work”,所以从句是完整的。

这个副词从句回答了一个问题:在哪里?

Whether you like it or not, you he to pay taxes.不管你喜不喜欢,你都得交税。

Here the subject is “you” and the predicate is “like it or not.” There are different ways to form an adverb clause. This adverb clause answers the questions: how? and why?这里的主语是“你”,谓语是“喜不喜欢”。

这个副词从句回答的问题是:怎么做?

Whales, although they are large, don’t eat anything but plankton.鲸鱼虽然很大,但只吃浮游生物。

This adverb phrase is in the middle of the sentence, and it’s divided by commas. The subject is “they” and the predicate is “are large.” This adverb clause answers the question: how? (big are they / do they look)这个副词短语在句子的中间,用逗号隔开。

主语是“他们”,谓语是“很大”,这个副词从句回答了一个问题:怎么做?

(他们看起来很大吗)Because he missed the first bus he ran like his life depended on it.因为他错过了第一班车,所以他跑得像命悬一线似的。

Since the adverb phrase is at the end of the sentence is does not always need to be divided with a comma. The subject is “he” and the predicate “ran.” This adverb clause answers the questions: how? and why?因为副词短语是在句子的末尾,所以不一定要用逗号分隔。

主语是“他”,谓语是“然”,这个副词从句回答的问题是:怎么做?

I’m going to look for a new job when I get back from my trip.我旅行回来后要找一份新工作。

这里的主语是“I”,谓语是“get back”。

副词短语是修饰动词的两个或多个词。

副词短语通常回答下列问题:How? Where? Why? and When?怎样?

副词短语可以出现在句子的任何地方,不需要用逗号分隔。

然而,它们大多在句子的结尾,有时是开头。

Because the boss is late the meeting will start later than usual.因为老板迟到了,会议将比平时开始得晚。

它在句子的末尾,给出了会议通常不举行的原因的更多细节。

Like in every fairy tale they must kiss before sunset to break the curse.就像在每一个童话故事中,他们必须在日落前亲吻来打破诅咒。

Put the flowers on the kitchen table.把花放在厨房的桌子上。

这个副词短语回答了一个问题:在哪里?

We used to he a holiday house right by the beach.我们过去在海边有一个度假屋。

There were so many cars that they were ng frustratingly slowly.车太多了,走得慢得令人沮丧。

它描述了汽车行驶的速度,以及人们的感受。

She always completes her tasks without care.她总是毫不在意地完成任务。

The question answered is: how? It describes how careless the person is when completing her tasks.是:怎么做?

To understand better how to do the job she read some books.为了更好地理解如何做这项工作,她读了一些书。

这个副词短语在句子的开头,回答了一个问题:为什么?

He went online and searched all day for more information.他上网找了一整天的资料。

The question answered is: why? Here it describes why the person went online and had to search all day. Because they need more information they need to complete the search.是:为什么?

在这里,它描述了为什么这个人上网一整天都要搜索。

副词vs形容词形容词描述事物report this ad报告此广告a beach, a jacuzzi, a cocktail, the weather, an idea, sunglasses, your iPad, your flip-flops海滩、按摩浴缸、鸡尾酒、天气、创意、太阳镜、iPad、人字拖a girl in English class, your upstairs neighbours, Beyoncé, Ryan Gosling, your mother-in-law, Dracula英语课上的一个女孩,你楼上的邻居,碧昂丝,瑞安·戈斯林,你岳母,德古拉This jacuzzi is really uncomfortable. Beyoncé is so ambitious. Dracula was an affectionate man. Ryan Gosling is a spiritual person.这个按摩浴缸真的很不舒服。

Her sunglasses are insane. My upstairs neighbours are really energetic. It’s prohibited to burn tyres on thisbeach. Your iPad is so old-fashioned.她的太阳镜太疯狂了。

My flip-flops are cute. Your mother-in-law is so upbeat. I met a magical girl in English class. That wasn’t a very good idea.我的人字拖很可爱。

我在英语课上遇到了一个神奇的女孩。

副词形容一切verbs: sing, laugh, complain动词:唱,笑,抱怨adjectives: prohibited, cute, upbeat形容词:禁止,可爱,乐观Beyoncé sings loudly./Dracula laughed dramatically behind the curtain./I complain about my upstairs neighbours daily./It’s strictly prohibited to burn tyres on this beach. ./My flip-flops are absolutely cute./ Your mother-in-law is incredibly upbeat.碧昂丝唱得很大声。

/我每天都抱怨楼上的邻居。

/我的人字拖绝对可爱。

副词甚至可以形容其他副词Beyoncé sings really loudly./She can sing incredibly beautifully./In Dracula’s castle, people disappeared surprisingly quickly.碧昂丝唱得非常大声。

/在德古拉的城堡里,人们出奇地迅速消失了。

频率副词是一个告诉我们某事发生的频率或频率的词。

I always eat breakfast in the morning, even when I am late for work.我总是在早上吃早餐,即使我上班迟到了。

1. 最常见的频率副词列表:always/usually/sometimes/never/occasionally/rarely/seldom/frequently/often/regularly/hardly ever总是/通常/有时/从不/偶尔/很少/很少/经常/经常/经常/很少2. 句中位置a) 我们通常把频率副词放在句子的中间,主语和动词之间,但在助动动词之后:I often go to the beach. He sometimes visits his grandma. They usually drink coffee in the mornings. I hardly ever help my mom in the kitchen.我经常去海滩。

b)辅助动词:He is usually very happy. We are always helping the children at school. I he never done anything bad. She is always cooking pasta.他通常很高兴。

注意:动词he, has, had只有在与过去分词连用时才是助动词。

I he never eaten a snake./She has never tr coconut water./But has, he, and had are normal verbs when they are not used with past participle:我从来没有吃过蛇。

/但是has、he和had是不与过去分词连用的普通动词:I always he my lunch at school. He seldom has English classes. We often had dinner late at night in college.我总是在学校吃午饭。

c) 我们可以把occasionally, frequently, usually, often, sometimes 放在句子的开头,以便使它更有力。

但是,其他副词在句首听起来并不好:Occasionally, I go to the beach. Sometimes he visits his grandma. Usually, they drink coffee in the mornings. Always I go to the beach.偶尔,我去海滩。

I always go to the beach. CORRECT我总是去海滩。

正确Often, I go to the beach. INCORRECT我经常去海滩。

不正确I often go to the beach. CORRECT我经常去海滩。

对的注:动词、do、does 只有在疑问句或否定句中使用时才是助动词。

Do you often go to the cinema? /He doesn’t always eat grapes.你经常去看电影吗?

在其他情况下,do、do和did是正常动词:She never sleeps at home. They rarely did their chores.她从不在家睡觉。

如果辅助动词是否定的,则副词的频率可以在其之前或之后进行:He doesn’t usually cook at home. /He usually doesn’t cook at home./They don’t often go to the cinema./They often don’t go to the cinema.他通常不在家做饭。

但是:We aren’t always late for work.我们上班并不总是迟到。

We always aren’t late for work. INCORRECT (say ‘We are never late for work’)我们上班总是不迟到。

不正确(说“我们上班从不迟到”)e) 在这个问题中,我们把频率副词放在主要动词之前:Do you often go to the beach?/Do you sometimes visit your grandma?你经常去海滩吗?

但是:Is she always late for soccer practice?/Are they usually so grumpy?/I hope you find this information useful.她练总是迟到吗?

时间副词Always/Already/Annually/Before/Constantly/Daily/Early/Earlier/Eventually/Ever/Frequently/Finally/First/Formerly/Fortnightly/Generally/Hourly/Immediately/Infrequently/Just/Last/Late/Later/Lately/Monthly/Not until/Now/Normally/Never/Next/Often/Occasionally/Previously/Quarterly/Rarely/Regularly/Recently/Seldom/Sometimes/Since/Soon/Still/Then/Today/Tomorrow/Tonight/Yesterday/Usually/Yet/Weekly/Yearly总是/已经/每年/以前/经常/每天/早/早/最终/经常/最后/第一/以前/两周/一般/每小时/立即/不经常/刚刚/最后/晚/以后/最近/每月/不直到/现在/通常/从不/下一次/经常/偶尔/以前/季度/很少/经常/最近/很少/有时/自/不久/静止/然后/今天/明天/今晚/昨天/通常/现在/每周/每年副词ly数量副词Adverbs can tell you how something is done, for example, speak nicely or work hard. Adverbs can also tell you how much or how many of something you he.副词可以告诉你事情是怎么做的,例如,说得好或者努力工作。

Every noun is either countable (cat- cats, dog- dogs, elf- elves, fairy- fairies etc.) or uncountable (time, information, magic, happiness, witchcraft etc.) and this is something you need to consider when choosing an adverb to go together with a noun.每个名词要么是可数的(猫-猫,狗-狗,精灵-精灵,仙女等),要么是不可数的(时间,信息,魔法,幸福,巫术等),这是你在选择副词和名词搭配时需要考虑的。

可数名词对于可数名词,可以使用下列副词:MANY / MORE很多/更多My neighbour has many cats and she wants more.我的邻居养了很多猫,她想要更多。

A LOT / LOTS很多I want a lof of dogs and I want lots of cats too!我想要很多狗,我也想要很多猫!

FEW / FEWER少/更少There are just a few fairies left in the forest and soon there will be fewer.森林里只剩下几个仙女,很快就会少了。

TOO MANY / TOO FEW太多/太少There are not too many fairies left and there are too few elves.仙女不多了,精灵也不多了。

(NOT) ENOUGH不够You can’t he enough cats!你不能有足够的猫!

不可数名词MUCH / MORE多/更多I hen’t got much time to spend with my dogs. I need more free time.我没有多少时间和我的狗在一起。

A LOT / LOTS很多There’s a lot of magic in this forest and lots of witchcraft.森林里有很多魔法和巫术。

LITTLE / LESS少/更少I he little information on witches and even less on dragons.我几乎没有巫师的资料,更没有龙的资料。

TOO MUCH / TOO LITTLE太多、太少You spend too much time with your dogs and too little with your friends.你花在狗身上的时间太多,花在朋友身上的时间太少。

(NOT) ENOUGH(不)足够That’s enough happiness for a lifetime.这就够幸福一辈子了。

You can also use adverbs to describe the degree to which something is. These adverbs may be used BEFORE ADJECTIVES (powerful, friendly, kind, crazy, rude, scary, dark etc.)你也可以用副词来形容某物的程度。

这些副词可以用在形容词(有力的、友好的、善良的、疯狂的、粗鲁的、可怕的、黑暗的等)之前TOO太This spell is too powerful, don’t use it indoors.这个咒语太强大了,不要在室内使用。

SO因此It’s so powerful, it can turn a hundred people into frogs.它是如此强大,能把一百个人变成青蛙。

A LITTLE (BIT)一点点Be careful with that cat lady. She’s a little bit crazy.小心那个猫女。

ENOUGH (comes after the adjective)够了(在形容词之后)She’s a nice person, she’s just not friendly enough.她是个好人,只是不够友好。

(NOT) VERY(不是)非常I would say she’s very rude.我认为她很粗鲁。

QUITE相当地This forest is quite scary.这片森林很可怕。

RATHER相当That dragon is rather scary, too.那条龙也相当可怕。

PRETTY非常It’s pretty dark in here.这里很黑。

名词+副词示例Hanger on: is a person who attaches themselves to another person or a group for the sole purpose of trying to gain something from that person or group. What the person gains can be anything that they see as advantageous. It can be something as small as attention and as large as financial gain. People in a position of fame or power often he or are exposed to people who hang on to them.挂靠:是一个人把自己附在另一个人或一个团体上,唯一的目的是想从这个人或团体那里得到一些东西。

There were many hangers on at the concert tonight./Unlike those hangers on, I’ve been friends with her since we were kids, and I want nothing from her.今晚的音乐会上有很多听众。

/不像那些听众,我从小就是她的朋友,我不想从她那里得到任何东西。

Passerby: is simply a person who is going by something. This word is usually used to describe someone who is walking. The person may be walking by something of significance, or they could just be walking by a restaurant.路人:就是一个路过某物的人。

这个人可能正走过一些重要的东西,或者他们可能只是走过一家餐馆。

We love to watch all the passersby as we eat our lunch near the window.我们喜欢看着所有的过路人在窗边吃午饭。

A random passerby was a witness to the crime.一个偶然路过的人是这起犯罪的目击者。

Overcoat: is a long warm coat, that is worn in colder months over fall or winter clothes.大衣:是一种温暖的长外套,在寒冷的季节穿在秋冬季的衣服上I’m going to the store to shop for a new overcoat for the winter./She wore a beautiful bright red overcoat.我要去商店买一件冬天穿的新大衣。

/她穿了一件漂亮的鲜红色大衣。

Overcoat can also refer to the top layer of paint. It’s usually a clear layer of paint that is used to protect other paint colors.大衣也可以指顶层油漆。

它通常是一层透明的油漆,用来保护其他油漆颜色。

As soon as we put on the overcoat we’re all done painting the house./Wow, you made a beautiful painting, make sure you put an overcoat layer on it to protect it.我们一穿上大衣,房子就都粉刷完了。

/哇,你画了一幅漂亮的画,一定要在上面涂一层大衣来保护它。

Afterthought: is something that is thought of later, or it can be something that is added later. What is forgotten could be a thought or a thing, or even a person. It can be anything that someone thinks of later or after the fact.事后思考:是后来才想到的东西,也可以是后来才加上去的东西。

被遗忘的可能是一种思想或事物,甚至是一个人。

We didn’t actually plan to invite him to the birthday party, the invitation was an afterthought./We got to the store and then at the last minute decided to get a cake, it was an afterthought.其实我们并没有打算邀请他参加生日聚会,邀请只是事后的考虑。

/我们到了商店,然后在最后一分钟决定买一个蛋糕,这是事后的考虑Undertone: refers to a feeling or quality that is underneath the surface. For example a family may seem happy and perfect, but you can tell that there’s something negative or unhappy underneath the surface that they don’t talk about publicly. That negative covert feeling is an undertone.弦外之音:指在表面之下的感觉或品质。

例如,一个家庭可能看起来很幸福和完美,但你可以看出,在表面之下有些消极或不快乐的东西,他们不会公开谈论。

Even Though she was always smiling, there was a sad undertone, and you could tell she missed her sister./Despite all of the arguing there was a clear undertone of love between the couple.尽管她总是微笑,但还是有一种悲伤的语气,你可以看出她想念她的妹妹。

/尽管争吵不休,这对夫妇之间还是有一种明显的爱的语气。

When he walked into the room, he could hear the other students talking in undertones./I don’t want the color to be too bright, maybe a pink undertone.当他走进教室时,他能听到其他学生在低声说话。

/我不想颜色太亮,也许是粉红色的底色。

Foresight: refers to the ability to predict or anticipate the future. Foresight does not refer to being psychic or making psychic predictions. It refers to someone being able to anticipate someone’s needs or something that’s going to happen based on research or preparation. For example an assistant that can predict his or her boss’ needs has foresight.远见:指预测或预测未来的能力。

Part of what makes her so great at her job is her foresight./A good CEO must he foresight, especially during turbulent times.使她在工作中如此出色的部分原因是她的远见。

/一个好的首席执行官必须有远见,尤其是在动荡时期。

Overload: refers to someone or an organization being overwhelmed or hing too much going on and it is becoming a burden. It can refer to a mental burden, or it can refer to there physically being too much weight.超载:指某人或某个组织被压得喘不过气来,或有太多的事情要做,而这正成为一种负担。

He felt overloaded by all of the work that he had to get done by Friday./The truck was overloaded and the trucker had to remove some of his cargo in order to meet the weight limits requirement.他觉得星期五之前要完成的所有工作都让他超负荷了。

/卡车超载了,卡车司机不得不卸下一些货物,以满足重量限制的要求。

Outpatient: is a medical patient that is not treated in a hospital, but at their home or at a different facility. Sometimes a patient will he a procedure and then will be sent home to recover. The doctor will still check to see that their recovery is going as scheduled, or they may be visited by a nurse, but they will not he to stay overnight at the hospital. This is an outpatient.门诊病人:不在医院接受治疗,而是在家里或其他机构接受治疗的医疗病人。

After surgery, you will spend 2 days in the hospital and if everything goes well, you will be treated as an outpatient./Hing the care of a nurse allows him to be able to be cared for as an outpatient.手术后,你将在医院呆两天,如果一切顺利,你将被作为门诊病人治疗。

/有护士的照顾,他可以作为门诊病人来照顾。

地点副词在句子中使用副词是很灵活的,但我们把它们放在哪里并不完全是我们的选择;还有一些我们应该遵循的一般规则。

典型的词序是:adverb + verb + object: We often visit museums.副词+动词+宾语:我们经常参观博物馆。

verb + object + adverb: She speaks English well.动词+宾语+副词:她英语说得很好。

In the verb + preposition + object structure the adverb can go either before the preposition or after the object:在动词+介词+宾语结构中,副词可以在介词之前或宾语之后:She looked at me suspiciously./She looked suspiciously at me.她怀疑地看着我。

但如果宾语包含几个词,副词在介词之前:She looked suspiciously at everybody in the room.她怀疑地看着房间里的每个人。

Connecting adverbs (which join clauses, e.g. then, next, besides, still, anyway, suddenly, however, consequently) and comment adverbs (e.g. fortunately, surprisingly) can go in front position:连接副词(连接从句,例如then,next,adde,still,anyway,summent,however,resulture)和注释副词(例如幸运的是,出人意料的是)可以放在前面:However, the plan wasn’t fully discussed./He worked until six o’clock. Then he left the office./Next, I’m going to speak about the advantages of the plan./Suddenly there was a loud noise./Fortunately, we could take a bus to the village.然而,这个计划没有得到充分讨论。

/接下来,我要谈谈这个计划的好处。

/幸运的是,我们可以坐公共汽车去村子。

Adverbs of indefinite frequency (e.g. always, often, usually, rarely, sometimes, never, normally, generally, occasionally) and adverbs of certainty (e.g. surely, definitely, certainly, probably, perhaps) usually go in mid-position:频率不定的副词(例如总是,经常,通常,很少,有时,从不,通常,一般,偶尔)和确定副词(例如肯定,肯定,肯定,可能,也许)通常处于中间位置:My father often trels to France./We rarely go out on Mondays./Her brother has never flown an airplane./I’ve definitely decided to lee this town./She will probably be absent at the meeting./The party has obviously been cancelled.我父亲经常去法国旅行。

Adverbs of indefinite frequency can also go in end position if they are the main focus of the message (but mid-position is more typical):频率不定的副词如果是信息的主要焦点,也可以在结尾位置(但中间位置更典型):We see our cousins quite often./She is very nervous sometimes./They eat out occasionally.我们经常见到我们的表亲。

Adverbs of certainty like maybe and perhaps typically take front position:确定性副词,例如may,也许,通常放在前面:Perhaps they can’t find the way to the village./Maybe you’re right, or maybe not.也许他们找不到去村子的路。

/也许你是对的,也许不是。

Adverbs of manner (saying how the action happens), place (where) and time (when) most often go in end position:方式副词(表示动作如何发生)、地点(地点)和时间(时间)最常出现在结束位置:The secretary read the letter slowly./He answered all the questions correctly./My sister is sleeping in her room upstairs./Did you phone her last night?/We arrived at the station at ten.秘书慢慢地读了信。

/他答对了所有的问题。

/我妹妹睡在楼上的房间里。

Time adverbs (especially the ones that are frequently used like tomorrow, yesterday, this month, every week, soon, etc.) can also go in front position, especially if the adverb is not the main focus of the sentence:时间副词(特别是常用的如明天、昨天、本月、每周、不久等)也可以放在前面,特别是副词不是句子的主要焦点时:Tomorrow we’ve got a meeting with the general manager./This week I’m staying with my uncle in the couy./Soon you’ll see a church, take the second street behind it.明天我们要和总经理开会。

/很快你就会看到一个教堂,走它后面的第二条街。

位置副词最常出现在结尾位置,但也可能出现在前面位置(虽然不是很典型):At the end of the corridor there was a staircase./In this town they don’t he too many restaurants./Here we can stop.在走廊的尽头有一个楼梯。

/在这个镇上,他们没有太多的餐馆。

ly副词也可以位于中间位置:The train slowly crossed the bridge./He angrily shouted at the doorman./ They will possibly be late for the party./She suddenly ran out of the room./Would you kindly wait?火车慢慢地过了桥。

Emphasizing adverbs (e.g. very, extremely, terribly, just, almost, really, right) go directly before the words that they emphasise:强调副词(例如非常、非常、非常、非常、非常、非常、几乎、非常、正确)直接出现在强调的词之前:I knew she played the piano very well./We were extremely annoyed with his manners./I’m terribly sorry about last night./Let’s meet in front of the cinema just before seven./He kicked the ball almost over the building./I’m really sleepy now./The police officer walked right past us.我知道她弹钢琴弹得很好。

/我们对他的举止非常恼火。

/我对昨晚的事感到非常抱歉。

请注意,在句子的不同位置使用的某些副词会实质性地改变句子的意义:Only I he fish and ; nobody else has it./I only he fish and ; I don’t he a drink./I he only fish and ; I don’t he anything else./I he fish and only; I don’t he rice and peas.只有我有鱼和薯条,其他人没有。

/我只有鱼和薯条,我没有饮料。

/我只有鱼和薯条,我没有其他东西。

一般来说,如果一个句子中有多个副词的可能性,你应该时刻注意可能的意义变化:They secretly decided to lee the town. – Their decision was secret./They decided to lee the town secretly. – Their departure was to be secret.他们地决定离开这个城镇。

JUST (adverb)仅仅(副词)1. exactly正是This is just what I need./This place is just the way I imagined./That’s just enough.这正是我需要的。

/这地方正是我想象的那样。

2. simply, only, no more than只是,不超过It was just another mistake./He’s just a friend./I met him just two days ago.只是又一个错误。

3. a short time ago短时间以前I’ve just received a phone call./They’ve just bought a new car./She’s just finished work.我刚接到一个电话。

4. barely, by a narrow margin几乎没有,差距很小I just caught the train before it pulled out of the station./The bullet just missed him./He arrived just in time.我刚赶上火车,火车才驶出车站。

词序和词义的变化:a, Just two weeks ago, Peter won a thousand pounds. (not more than two weeks ago)/b, Two weeks ago, just Peter won a thousand pounds. (no one else won, only him)/c, Two weeks ago, Peter won just a thousand pounds. (not more than a thousand pounds)就在两周前,彼得赢了一千英镑。

(没有人赢,只有他赢)/c两周前,彼得只赢了一千英镑。

(不超过一千磅)副词JustAdverbs: IN the End – AT the End, Still – Yet, AT the Moment – Actually …

I don’t clear the position of adverb of frequency-place in a sentence. I only know form我不清楚频率副词在句子中的位置。

我只知道形式主语+副词+动词+宾语例:I always get up late.我总是起得很晚。

主语+动词+副词+宾语例:He is usually happy.他通常很快乐。

但是,我不清楚这个地方副词。

副词的位置在哪里。

现在,让我们来看看负面因素和问题:I don’t always get up late. He isn’t usually happy.我不总是起得很晚。

So, as you can see, in the negative sentences the adverb of frequency comes right after the negative part (don’t/doesn’t/isn’t/aren’t)所以,正如你所看到的,在否定句中,频率副词紧跟在否定部分之后(不要/不要/不是/不是/不是)现在,疑问句:Do you always get up late? Is he usually happy?你总是起得很晚吗?

在问句中,在主语之后I hope it’s clear now.我希望现在一切都清楚了。

态度副词是一个副词,或动词的修饰语,它告诉我们事情是如何做的。

Common adverbs of manner are well, badly, gently, silly, and friendly.常用的语气副词是好的,坏的,温和的,愚蠢的,友好的。

因为正确地描述了某个动作完成的方式,所以它可以是方式副词。

例如,在这句话中:She correctly guessed that the interviewer was trying to test her.她猜对了面试官是想测试她。

在这种情况下,正确描述句子的主语猜测的方式。


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